PRONOMBRES PERSONALES II – The pronoun II

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FOTOGRAMAS

 

The pronoun

Personal pronouns of object make reference to people or objects which receive an action and take part into it as well.

Singular Plural
1ª persona
(yo, nosotros)
Mi, me, conmigo Nos
2ª persona
(tú, vosotros)
Ti, te, contigo Os
3ª persona
(él/ella, ellos/ellas)
Si, se, consigo, lo/la, le Si, se, los/las, les

The pronoun of direct and indirect object:

Indirect object Direct object
Me Me
Te Te
Le (se) Lo/la (se)
Nos Nos
Os Os
Les (se) Los/las (se)

These personal pronouns have different functions in the sentence, because the transitive verb needs a direct object in order to complete its meaning.

Direct object pronoun Indirect object pronoun Position
The 3rd person direct object personal pronouns have some gender and number changes; the indirect object pronouns only change their number. The rest of grammatical persons present the same form in masculine and feminine.

    • Hemos comprado un diccionario = Lo hemos comprado
    • Hoy he visto a la vendedora = La he visto
  • Iván tiene todas las novelas de Cervantes = Las tiene
  • María contó su historia = La contó

When the direct object makes reference to a singular masculine person, the corresponding pronoun is lo:

  • Vimos el monasterio = Lo vimos
The verbs such as gustar and encantar have to be accompanied by an indirect object. The indirect object can appear two times in the sentence:

  • A nosotros nos encanta ir al cine
  • Nos encanta jugar al baloncesto
  • A Manolo le gusta salir los fines de semana
If there is a direct object and an indirect one in the same sentence, the IO (le, les) has to be placed before the DO and it becomes SE

  • He comprado regalos para los niños = Se los he comprado

The pronouns are placed before the verb, except with the affirmative imperative, the gerund and the infinitive (in these cases they are placed after the verb and attached to it)

  • Cómetelo
  • Gritándole no conseguirás nada
  • ¿Las fotos? He venido para enseñártelas

If there is a conjugated verb + gerund/infinitive, the personal pronouns can be placed before or after (if they are before, they have to be written separately and if they are after it, joined).

  • Voy a dejártelo / Te lo voy a dejar
  • ¿Ves esa casa? Mis padres quieren comprarla /Mis padres la quieren comprar

 

CONTENIDOS ADICIONALES
ORTOGRAFÍA

VOCABULARIO

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